Types and Degrees of Hearing Loss

Types of Hearing Loss

There are three different types of hearing loss: conductive, sensorineural and mixed (a combination of conductive and sensorineural).

  • Conductive hearing loss is due to a complication with either the outer or middle ear, which prevents sound from traveling to the inner ear. An example of something that may cause a conductive hearing loss is impacted wax in the ear canal.

  • Sensorineural hearing loss is due to a complication of the inner ear, usually damage to hair cells or nerve fibers.  Most sensorineural hearing loss is due to aging or loud noise exposure.

  • Mixed hearing loss occurs when there is a complication of the outer/middle and inner ear.

Degrees of Hearing Loss

Degrees of hearing loss range from mild to moderate, severe and profound across a broad range of frequencies. Depending on the degree and configuration of hearing loss, individuals may have very different listening experiences.

Cross-Product Chart - Degrees of Hearing Loss